JOHN WILLIAM MITCHELLsignature of John William Mitchell

Born 2 February 1804 and died October 1855.





John William Mitchell was the first born child of Lovelace and Sara Sally Mitchell in Madison County Virginia. He had a sister born between 1805 and 1807 who had likely died before 1810. Then 2 more sisters, one in 1898 and 1811. His mother died when he was 8 years old and his father died when he was 10. His guardian, William Henshaw, gave him and his sisters their parents property when he turned 21. For many years Johns sisters lived with him, even after he married and began his family.


In 1826, he married Nancy Tanner and eventually they had 10 children, one of them dying at birth. When John was born, his parents owned 2 slaves, both female, and by 1830 John owned 7 female slaves, 4 of them under 10 years old. Seven slaves was considered alot since he only farmed about 105 acres, but since they were all female, and so many of them little children, that would lessen their value considerably. Likely they worked out in the fields right along side them. The average farm in early 1800 Madison county consisted of around 300 acres with 2-3 slaves. They farmed corn, rye, potatoes, oats and had pigs and cattle. From his fathers estate they received a deck of playing cards and a tin horn.


Both of John's sisters later married brothers of his wife, Nancy Tanner.


By the 1830's and 1840's the country was becoming more and more divided in it's views on slavery, education, government spending, etc. The southern economy was staggering, and if you were not one of the few large land owners, you found yourself sinking more and more into debt. There was a resurgence in the southern economy by the 1850's and 1860's, but not soon enough for John William's family. He took out 3 liens against his home. One in 1848, then 1852, and again in 1855. This was when his health was failing him, as well, and he died of cancer in 1855 at the age of 51. Since his son James had already left home, his son William Robert became the man of the family. John's youngest child was then 8 years old.


His property was put up for public auction and his two sons, James and William, along with his daughter (Lucy's) husband bought it. A trade was later made and James became the sole owner. This land eventually left the family's hands, as James and his family were later living with his wife's parents and is buried on their land in a family plot.


All of his sons fought for the south in the Civil War, and all survived it.


CHILDREN OF JOHN AND NANCY MITCHELL


Sara Sally Mitchell

Sara never married. She purchased land in Loudoun County Virginia with the help of her brother William. She lived with Williams family for a while, then moved to Loundoun. She purchased part of a store and when she died, left this to Williams son.

 

James Lovin Mitchell

tombstone of James


James bought the family homestead after his father died, with the help of his brother William and sister, Lucy's husband. He married Margaret Anna Carpenter and they had 6 children. James enlisted in the Confederacy and only lasted 2 months before being discharged for consumption. In later years he took care of his in-laws and was buried on their property in a family plot.

 

 

Lucy Ann MitchellAlpheas and Lucy Hawkins

Lucy married Alpheas Hawkins and they had 6 children. Alpheas helped with the purchase of Lucy's homestead, then received some other land in exchange for his part.

 

Infant

The only mention of this child is on a page found in an old Aylor bible which was given to me by an ancestor of Judith Frances Mitchell Aylor.

 

William Robert Mitchell

William has his own page here, as he is my great-grandfather. He fought for the south from start to finish, married Martha Eilen Rouse and had 4 children.

 

Judith Frances Mitchelltombstone of Judith

When Judith was 26 she married Richard Henry Aylor, who was 53 years old and already had 5 children. She then gave him 7 more. Since he was to old to fight for the south, he purchased $300 in confederate bonds.

 

Elizabeth Edny Mitchell

Elizabeth never married and lived to 65 years old.

 

John Alvin Mitchell

tombstone of John MitchellJohn married twice, outlived them both, and had no children. He is buried in the Novum Baptist Church cemetery, which is very close to his grandfathers land in Madison County Virginia and on the border of Culpeper County Virginia. His stone reads "A Confederate Private Co. E 34 VA Reg. 1861-1865". He was a prisoner of war for 2 months at the end of the war. John outlived all of his siblings when he died at the age of 89 in 1931.

 

 

John and Walker Mitchell Aylors with John and Walker Mitchell Thomas Jefferson Mitchell

The picture on the far left is of John Alvin Mitchell, Clara Jenkins and Walker James Mitchell. The middle picture was taken 17 August of 1925 and has Robert and Benjamin Aylor on the ends (sons of sister Judith) and John Alvin Mitchell and Walker James Mitchell in the middle. The picture on the far right is Thomas Jefferson Mitchell at a Confederate reunion on Memorial Day in 1919.

 

Thomas Jefferson Mitchelltombstone of TJ Mitchell

Thomas was married 3 times. He had 3 children with his first wife and 4 with his last. He enlisted to Co. G 7th VA Infantry. By 1870 he had moved to Loudoun County Virginia where his brother William and sister Sarah already lived. He died in 1927, 3 months after being admitted to the Robert E. Lee old soldiers home.

 

Walker James Mitchell

Walker and EugenaWalker joined the Civil War when he was 16 years old in 1864, one year before the surrender. He was in the same company as his brother William. He married Eugena Ella Henshaw and had 3 girls. One of his daughters, Mary, married the widower of his brother Williams daughter (Genevieve). His family belonged to the Hebron Lutheron Church in Madison County VA.